Carrots Planting Advice: A beet “seed” is actually a dried fruit that holds a bunch of seeds. Peas require 55 to 80 days for maturity and fall crops will not mature after frost. Keep in mind, broccoli does take several months to mature, so transplant a quick-grower, like Waltham, in mid-to-late summer for a timely fall harvest. They’re packed with vitamin A— good for eyes and skin. Even the greens are rich in vitamins and antioxidants. But finding the right cool-season veggies for your climate and figuring out exactly when to sow or plant them can be a bit tricky. Leave some stem attached. Fall is the ultimate best time to plant garlic, after the autumnal equinox in late September. If you've been frustrated by your summer spinach bolting before it's even large enough to eat, you are going to love growing it in the fall. Remember, if you live in a cold climate you can’t actually wait until fall to start planting your cold season vegetables, it’ll be too late. Many cool-season vegetables, such as carrots, broccoli, cauliflower, and Brussels sprouts, produce their best flavor and quality when they mature during cool weather. But a lot of kids even enjoy broccoli because of its unique shape. I love broccoli and cheese casserole so you know I love the stuff. Top Picks: Gilfeather, Just Right, Scarlet Queen, White Night. Since they won't bolt to seed as quickly as they may in warm spring weather, you can harvest the heads as you need them. Turnips are the vegetable world’s near equivalent of an all-in-one vitamin pill. I also love broccoli and cheese soup, roasted broccoli, and broccoli and cheese rice. In Florida, fall is an excellent time to start a vegetable garden. Plant seeds densely in full sun and well-draining soil, 1/2-inch deep; rows 12 to 24 inches apart. Root vegetables are another group of veggies that perform particularly well in the fall. When sprouts are one inch tall, thin to two per inch for small varieties; one every one to two inches for larger carrots. When to Cover: 25 degrees or below. Spinach is one of those vegetables that’s pricey at the supermarket, and it tends to go bad fast in the crisper drawer. Just for greens: Alltop, Shogoing, Topper. Planting Advice: For summer harvest, plant seeds when soil is workable; for fall, about 80 days before first frost. Pull green onions when tops are six inches tall; for larger onions, when tops fall over. And what’s finer than a slice of raw onion on a hot-off-the-grill burger? Radish is one of the fastest-growing vegetables for the fall season. In general, most vegetables with leaves, stems or roots are considered cool season fall vegetables or winter vegetables. 12 to 14 weeks before the first frost: Direct sow lettuce, radishes, and rutabagas. Because lettuce is one of the lesser cold hardy vegetables, has delicate leaves and is shorter in stature, I plant mine in a cold frame, or a hoop house added onto a raised bed. Plant your seeds deeper in the fall than in the spring. Harvest Tips: Gently dig up tubers after the vines die; for “new” potatoes, dig earlier. Author: Amanda Zahorik. Some vegetable seed do best when you plant them in the fall and they can germinate and then sit all winter. Since they're grown for their roots and their tops are fairly hardy, it doesn't matter too much if they get hit by frost—they may even end up tasting sweeter. The seeds germinate in warm or cool soil and it's grown for its leaves, so you don't have to worry about a head forming or the flowers bolting. In general, counting back about 12 weeks from the first frost date will allow you to grow the widest range of vegetables. Extend your harvest when you plant these top fall vegetables! Plant and harvest these hardy vegetables at the right time, and you can enjoy delicious home-grown produce all year round, even when the weather is cold. Start broccoli, cabbage and cauliflower seeds indoors this summer for delicious fall harvests. Harvest Tips: Most turnips mature in 35 to 75 days. However, they grow the largest and most flavorful if they're allowed to mature in the fall. Spinach. Likewise, green thumbs in northern climates will find success growing vegetables that enjoy the cooler, shorter days of fall, like leafy greens, root vegetables, cabbage, broccoli, and kale. Summer squash — like zucchini — are most tender and tasty when picked prior to maturation. In order to ensure your fall garden matures before the first frost, get it started in mid-summer (typically late July to early August, depending on your hardiness zone). Because lettuce has shallow roots, it will require some protection against frost. Mid-to-late summer is the time to plant fall-harvested vegetables in your vegetable garden. Check out the list we’ve curated of vegetables, flowers, trees, shrubs, and landscaping plants you can put in the ground this fall, no matter your USDA hardiness zone . 2 inches apart to get the best results. Both kinds are serious allies for health- and taste-minded cooks. There are two kinds of squash: summer and winter. In general, most vegetables with leaves, stems or roots are considered cool season fall vegetables or winter vegetables. Leafy Greens. It just takes about four weeks to mature. Some plants even require fall planting. Spinach only takes about 30 to 40 days to mature (even less if you like small, tender leaves), so you can get in several successions of spinach throughout the fall months. Planting Advice: In full sun and when soil is workable, plant individual cloves upright the depth of the bulb plus one inch of soil, three to four inches apart; rows one foot apart. 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