Airbus claimed the 737-300 burns 35% more fuel and has a 16% higher operating cost per seat than the V2500-powered A320. The only analogue instruments were the radio-magnetic indicator and brake pressure indicator. ", "Prices of New A320s Hardly Changed in 20 Years", "Type certificate data sheet No. The maiden flight of the Airbus A321 came on 11 March 1993, when the prototype, registration F-WWIA, flew with IAE V2500 engines; the second prototype, equipped with CFM56-5B turbofans, flew in May. Airbus delivered 15 A320ceo variants during 2020 compared to 431 A320neo variants. From the moment of formation, Airbus had begun studies into derivatives of the Airbus A300B in support of this long-term goal. [3] The closest Boeing competitor is the 737-800. The A319 is 3.73 m (12 ft 3 in) shorter than the A320. Airbus sees a market for 1,000 narrowbody conversions over the 2020-2040 period. [8] After three years of design, the maiden flight took place at Hamburg on 15 January 2002. The design within the JET study that was carried forward was the JET2 (163 passengers), which then became the Airbus S.A1/2/3 series (Single Aisle), before settling on the A320 name for its launch in 1984. [65], Airbus offers an avionics upgrade for older A320 aircraft, the In-Service Enhancement Package, to keep them updated. The Airbus philosophy of incremental innovation has led to a number of recent optimisations in the A320 Family cabin, resulting in a set of enablers that add seats without reducing comfort. The A320neo (neo for new engine option) is a development launched on 1 December 2010, it made its first flight on 25 September 2014 and it was introduced by Lufthansa on 25 January 2016. It should replace older converted Boeing 757s with 14 positions on the main deck and 10 on the lower, lifting up to 27.9 t (62,000 lb) over 4,300 km (2,300 nmi). Thanks to the new enhanced seating capacity of the A320 combined with innovative upgrade solutions, operators can now generate increased revenues from cabin space. Although the members were all of Airbus' partners, they regarded the project as a separate collaboration from Airbus. [91] Range with eight passengers' payload and auxiliary fuel tanks (ACTs) is up to 11,000 kilometres (6,000 nmi). Engine improvements reducing fuel consumption by 1% were fitted into the A320 in 2007 with the CFM56 Tech Insertion[48] and in 2008 with the V2500Select (One). [45] [18]:49 One of the most significant orders was when Northwest Airlines placed an order for 100 A320s in October 1986, later confirmed at the 1990 Farnborough Airshow, powered by CFM56 engines.[18]:49–50. The American Airlines Airbus A320 (320) seats 150 passengers and is primarily used on … It is the largest commercial aircraft certified by the European Aviation Safety Agency for steep approach operations, allowing flights at airports such as London City Airport. Flying a Frontier Airbus A320 soon? Orders pending were 6,010, for a total of 15,582 orders. Max seating: 194* Typical seating 2-class: 150-180: Cargo: LD3 capacity underfloor: 7 LD3-45W : Max pallet number underfloor: 7 : Water volume: 44 m³ Previously, Hawker Siddeley had produced a design called the HS.134 "Airbus" in 1965, an evolution of the HS.121 (formerly DH.121) Trident,[12] which shared much of the general arrangement of the later JET3 study design. [60] The flight crew controls the cabin through touchscreen displays.[61]. Airbus A320-200 (320) Airbus A321-200 (321) ... 2021, middle seats (typically seats “B” and “E”) will be blocked from selection for parties of 1-2. Re-engined with CFM International LEAP-1A or Pratt & Whitney PW1000G engines and with large sharklets, it should be 15% more fuel efficient. Final assembly takes place in Toulouse in France; Hamburg in Germany; Tianjin in China since 2009; and in Mobile, Alabama in the United States since April 2016. Both configurations have 180 Economy seats. [62] [47] The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body airliners designed and produced by Airbus. Indian Airlines used its first 31 A320-200s with double-bogie main landing gear for airfields with poor runway condition which a single-bogie main gear could not manage. [69] At its introduction, fly-by-wire and flight envelope protection was a new experience for many pilots. [3] Middle East Airlines received the milestone airplane, an A320ceo with the manufacturer serial number (MSN) 5,000, on 20 January 2012[101] and eight years later the MSN 10,000, an A321neo, at the celebration of its 75th anniversary on 9 October 2020. [16] It would provide direct competition for the 737-300/-700. To that end, it adopted composite primary structures, centre-of-gravity control using fuel, glass cockpit (EFIS) and a two-crew flight deck. In October 2020, the 500th A320 built in Tianjin, an A320neo, was delivered to China Southern, twelve years after the final assembly line start in 2008. [16] It was the only available engine at launch until the IAE V2500, offered by International Aero Engines, a group composed of Rolls-Royce plc, Pratt & Whitney, Japanese Aero Engine Corporation, Fiat and MTU. A 1998 A319 value was $35 million new, was halved by 2009, and reached scrap levels by 2019.[90]. Airbus A320-200 (320) Airbus A320-200 (320) Blocking Seats for More Space On Board. [15] This project was considered the forerunner of Airbus A320, encompassing the 130- to 188-seat market, powered by two CFM56s. [b] In October 2019, A320 family surpassed the Boeing 737 to become the highest-selling airliner. Economy has 147 seats in a 3-3 config; Business class has 12 seats in a 3-3 config; this is … A320 Family cabin layout optimisation solutions, resulting in a set of enablers that add seats without reducing comfort. Military version like A319 MPA also exists. The Airbus factory in Tianjin, China assembles A319s, A320s, and A321s; A320s and A321s are also assembled at the Airbus Americas factory in Mobile, Alabama. The A319 is the next derivative of the baseline A320. Of the planes currently in service, the passenger capacity ranges from 379 (4-class layout in Singapore Airlines) to 615 passengers (2-class layout in Emirates). [51] On 17 December 2008, Airbus announced it was to begin flight testing an existing blended winglet design developed by Aviation Partners Inc. as part of an A320 modernisation programme using the A320 prototype.[52]. An ACJ serves as a presidential or official aircraft of Armenia,[94] Azerbaijan, Brazil, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Italy,[95] Malaysia, Slovakia, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, and Venezuela. Note: as we gradually reconfigure our planes over the next few years, this seating configuration may vary; this is how the plane looks before retrofitting. The Airbus A320 family are low-wing cantilever monoplanes with a conventional empennage with a single vertical stabilizer and rudder. [11] The group looked at three different variants, covering the 125- to 180-seat market, called SA1, SA2 and SA3. Airbus had begun work on designing the neo family of aircraft in 2006, under a project it called the A320 Enhanced (A320E) program. [37] On 22 July 2003, first delivery for launch customer Frontier Airlines occurred,[8] entering service before the end of the month. [10] Although heavier, this allowed to compete more effectively with the 737. [29] They compete with the 737, 757, and 717. In August 2019, Qantas Airways was announced as the launch operator for the A321P2F converted freighter, for Australia Post, with up to three aircraft to be introduced in October 2020. [11][25] Its launch came on 24 November 1988 after commitments for 183 aircraft from 10 customers were secured. [104] The record was then improved by the successor, the A320neo family, with 1,420 orders and commitments in less than a year during the Dubai Airshow in November 2011. The Germans requested an increased work-share of 40%, while the British wanted the major responsibilities to be swapped around to give partners production and research and development experience. The A320 is one aircraft in four sizes (A318, A319, A320 and A321), representing the most successful and versatile jetliner family ever. [10] It would have a cruise speed of Mach 0.84 (faster than the Boeing 737). By combining enablers such as Space-Flex, Smart-Lav, slimmer seats, the in-service A320 Family can be reconfigured with higher seating capacity. Because the four variants share the same flight deck, all have the same pilot type rating. The Toulouse Blagnac final assembly line builds A320s, whereas the Hamburg Finkenwerder final assembly line builds A318s, A319s, and A321s. Airbus sold the A320 well to low-cost startups and offering a choice of engines could make them more attractive to airlines and lessors than the single sourced 737, but CFM engines are extremely reliable. These include the main displays and the backup artificial horizon, which was previously an analog display. Get the best seat possible with our Frontier A320 seating chart and traveler seat reviews. [83] In January 2010, John Leahy, Airbus's chief operating officer-customers, stated that an all-new single-aisle aircraft was unlikely to be constructed before 2024 or 2025. [28][31][32] [77], By September 2018, there were 7,251 A320 family ceo aircraft in service versus 6,757 737NGs, while Airbus expected to deliver 3,174 A320neos compared with 2,999 Boeing 737 MAX through 2022. Also known as the A320M-7, it is a shortened, minimum-change version of the A320 with four frames fore of the wing and three frames aft of the wing removed. [3][78], For the entire A320 family, 159 major aviation accidents and incidents have occurred,[107] including 47 hull loss accidents (latest one being Pakistan International Airlines Flight 8303 on 22 May 2020),[108] and a total of 1393 fatalities. [105], By the end of October 2019, the A320 family backlog stood at over 6,000 again, including 78 remaining A320ceos, bringing the total orders to 15,193, surpassing the Boeing 737's total of 15,136 and making the A320 family the world's highest-selling airliner. [10] Germany's MBB (Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm), British Aircraft Corporation, Sweden's Saab and Spain's CASA worked on the EUROPLANE, a 180- to 200-seat aircraft. [85] With launch of the new Airbus A320neo project, the previous members of the Airbus A320 family received the "current engine option" or "CEO" name. Airbus has delivered 8,605 A320 family aircraft since their certification/first delivery in early 1988, with another 6,056 on firm order (as of 31 December 2018). Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. [3], The A318 was born out of mid-1990 studies between Aviation Industries of China (AVIC), Singapore Technologies Aerospace, Alenia and Airbus on a 95- to 125-seat aircraft project. Two aircraft were used in the flight test evaluation campaign – the prototype A320, which had been retained by Airbus for testing, and a new build aircraft which was fitted with both types of winglets before it was delivered to JetBlue. [66] Digital head-up displays are available. It was formerly also known as the ACJ, or Airbus Corporate Jet, while starting with 2014 it has the marketing designation ACJ319. The first design type to be tested was developed by Airbus and was based on work done by the AWIATOR programme. [46], In 2006, Airbus started the A320 Enhanced (A320E) programme as a series of improvements targeting a 4–5% efficiency gain with large winglets (2%), aerodynamic refinements (1%), weight savings and a new aircraft cabin. The Airbus A318 is the baby of the Airbus A320 family of airliners which consists of the A318, A319, A320 and A321. Parties of 3 or more can book adjacent seats together. [50] The second type of winglet incorporated a more blended design and was designed by Winglet Technology, a company based in Wichita, Kansas. The 107-seater was launched on 26 April 1999 with the options and orders count at 109 aircraft. Since 2003, the A320 features liquid crystal display (LCD) units in its flight deck instead of the original cathode ray tube (CRT) displays. The A319CJ (rebranded ACJ319) is the corporate jet version of the A319. Flying a Air Arabia Airbus A320 soon? All variants are able to be ETOPS (Extended-range Twin-engine Operational Performance Standards) certified for 180 minutes since 2004 (EASA) and 2006 (FAA). The Airbus A320 family are narrow-body (single-aisle) aircraft with a retractable tricycle landing gear and are powered by two wing pylon-mounted turbofan engines. [37] Consequently, Pratt & Whitney abandoned the five-stage high-pressure compressor (HPC) for the MTU-designed six-stage HPC. On 23 March 1995, the first A319 underwent final assembly at Airbus' German plant in Hamburg, where the A321s are also assembled. [3] The Jazeera Airways Airbus A320 features 159 seats in a 2 cabin configuration. The Economy Plus cabin is outfitted with 42 seats and Economy Class features 96 seats. [57], In 2007, Airbus introduced a new enhanced, quieter cabin with better luggage storage and a more modern look and feel, and a new galley reducing weight, increasing revenue space and improving ergonomics and design for food hygiene and recycling. The family pioneered the use of digital fly-by-wire and side-stick flight controls in airliners. Its cargo hold can accommodate Unit Load Devices containers. [42], In September 2019, Airbus reached a milestone with the delivery of the 9000th A320-family aircraft to Easyjet. In October 2019, Airbus inaugurated a highly automated fuselage structure assembly line for A320 Family aircraft in Hamburg, showcasing an evolution in Airbus' industrial production system. [58] It offers a new air purifier with filters and a catalytic converter removing unpleasant smells from the air before it is pumped into the cabin and LEDs for ambience lighting and PSU. Airbus A321 (32B) Not sure what plane you're on? The second production line was located at Hamburg, which would also subsequently produce the smaller Airbus A319 and A318. [8] These cuts reduced passenger capacity from 124 on the A319 to 107 passengers in a two-class layout. The A319 was developed at the request of Steven F. Udvar-Házy, the former president and CEO of ILFC. In the end, British work-share was increased from that of the two previous Airbuses. With a versatile cabin that can be configured for a variety of seating options, the A320 usually seats 140 to 170 passengers and has a maximum capacity of up to 180 travellers. [11] The A319 has proved popular with low-cost airlines such as EasyJet, who has orders for 172, with 172 delivered. EASA.A.064 for AIRBUS A318 – A319 – A320 – A321", "Aircraft Families – Airbus Executive and Private Aviation – ACJ Family", "Il portale dell'Aeronautica Militare – Airbus A319CJ", "Strong demand for used Airbus A320 aircraft drives joint decision to stop freighter conversion programme", "ST Aerospace, Airbus and EFW to launch A320 and A321P2F conversion programme", "Qantas to be launch operator for A321P2F", "A321 converted freighter secures EASA certification", "Airbus delivers A320 MSN5000 to Middle East Airlines", "Airbus delivers A320 Family MSN10,000 to Middle East Airlines", "A320neo line adapts to five digits for MSN10000 delivery", "Airbus wins 211 orders and commitments worth US$20.5 billion", "A320's order total overtakes 737's as Max crisis persists", "hull-loss and repairable damage occurrences", "Statistical Summary of Commercial Jet Airplane Accidents", "High-density A320s for easyJet will retain seat pitch, assures airline", International Civil Aviation Organization, Official Airbus website of the A320 aircraft family, "Analysis : Three decades since first A320 delivery", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Airbus_A320_family&oldid=999298328, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from October 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, £2 billion ($2.8 billion, 1984 – Flight International estimate), 4.14 m (13 ft 7 in) height, 3.95 m (13 ft 0 in) width, 3.70 m (12 ft 2 in) cabin width, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 13:37. [11], Delivery of the first A319, to Swissair, took place on 25 April 1996, entering service by month's end. [16], The UK, France and West Germany wanted the responsibility of final assembly and the associated duties, known as "work-share arguments". [63] It first flew in December 1996 and entered service with Monarch Airlines in April 1997. [7] Prior to the service introduction of the first Airbus airliners, engineers within Airbus had identified nine possible variations of the A300 known as A300B1 to B9. In 2014 Aviation Authorities reassessed and increased the A320 Family’s maximum seating limits based on the aircraft’s larger-than-required forward and aft doors. The version of Spirit's A320 aircraft presented here flies in a one class configuration with 8 "Big Front" seats and 174 "Deluxe Leather" Economy Class seats. [49], In 2006, Airbus tested three styles of winglet intended to counteract the wing's induced drag and wingtip vortices more effectively than the previous wingtip fence. A 150-seat A320 burns 11,608 kg (25,591 lb) of jet fuel over 3,984 km (2,151 nmi) (between Los Angeles and New York City), or 2.43 L/100 km (97 mpg‑US) per seat with a 0.8 kg/L fuel. View the Airbus A320-200 seat map configuration 1 (PDF) View the Airbus A320-200 seat map configuration 2 (PDF) With a length of almost 38 m and a wingspan of 34 m, the Airbus A320-200 is capable of a cruising speed of 828 km/h/511 mph at 11,000 m/36,000 ft. The wing would incorporate double-slotted flaps and minor trailing edge modifications,[11] increasing the wing area from 124 m2 (1,330 sq ft) to 128 m2 (1,380 sq ft). This “Cabin-Flex” option increased the jetliner’s maximum certified capacity to 244 seats, while still accommodating Airbus’ modern comfort standard of at least 18-inch wide seats. Air Arabia's A320 is a standard aircraft that can hold 174 passengers. Moving up, the smallest passenger variant of the A330, the A330-800, seats a maximum of 406. Power is provided by the CFM56-5A or V2500-A5, derated to 98 kN (22,000 lbf), with option for 105 kN (24,000 lbf) thrust. Seat Pitch: The measure of legroom that refers to the space between a point on one seat and the same point on the seat in front of it. Blocked, occupied and available seats are visible for every flight in our seat maps when booking, in My Trips or on the Fly Delta app. American Airlines is the world's largest airline operator of the A320 family of aircraft with 392 aircraft in service as of 30 September 2017.[3]. "[69], Early A320s used the Intel 80186 and Motorola 68010. Tyrolean Jet Services Mfg. Relative to other Airbus A320 family variants, the A318 has sold in only small numbers with total orders for only 80 aircraft placed as of 31 October 2015[update]. [11] Airbus considered a fuselage diameter of "the Boeing 707 and 727, or do something better" and settled on a wider cross-section with a 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in) internal width, compared to Boeing's 3.45 m (11 ft 4 in). Final assembly takes place in Toulouse in France; Hamburg in Germany; Tianjin in China since 2009; and in Mobile, Alabamain the United States si… Seat Recline: The distance between a seat back in its full upright and full recline position. [92][93] Upon resale, the aircraft can be reconfigured as a standard A319 by removing its extra tanks and corporate cabin outfit, thus maximising its resale value. Separate collaboration from Airbus which gives the flight airbus a320 seating capacity controls the cabin touchscreen. December 1996 and entered service with Monarch Airlines in April 1996 backup artificial horizon, entered... Milestone with the 737, 757, and Zhukovsky, Russia, has a six-abreast cross-section and is by... 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